1Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
2Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran 2Department of Aeronautical Telecommunications, Civil Aviation Technology College
3Department of Aeronautical Telecommunications, Civil Aviation Technology College, Tehran, Iran
In this paper, a new method based on branch placement for the optimal positioning of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) in power systems is proposed. In this method, the PMUs are in type of single-channel and are installed at the beginning of the branches. Therefore, they are able to measure the bus voltages. Also, the installation of the PMUs on the branches increases the security of observability in comparison to the bus placement method at the time of line or PMU outages. In this paper, the Genetic Algorithm (GA) method is used to solve the optimization problem. The proposed method is applied to IEEE 30-bus and 24-bus case study networks. In addition, the method is tested on a real 400 kV network in Iran.