Synchronization of Microgrid Considering the Dynamics of V2Gs Using an Optimized Fractional Order Controller based Scheme

Document Type: Research paper

Authors

Department of Electrical Engineering, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran

Abstract

In this work, a new control scheme for synchronization of AC microgrids with upstream power grid is presented. The effects of V2Gs (vehicle to grid) dynamics on synchronization process is studied. This new control approach is based on the optimal fractional calculus and has been developed for synchronization of the microgrid. The V2Gs effect on the dynamics of the microgrid is analyzed through small signal stability and simulations. This effect is also considered in synchronization process by considering a PHEV-dominated-microgrid. The proposed control scheme is a coordinated control of distributed resources and provides a soft and reliable synchronization for microgrid. In the proposed control scheme, the fractional order proportional-integral-derivative (FOPID) controllers have optimally been tuned and implemented using the genetics algorithm (GA). The simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy in soft and swift synchronization of the microgrid.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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