Document Type : Review paper
Department of Electrical Engineering, Government Engineering College, Thrissur
Affiliated to APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Kerala, India.
Affiliated to APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University, Kerala, India
DC Microgrid is turning out to be more popular due to its appealing features such as high efficiency, excellent power quality, low cost and controllability. As the control strategies plays a key role in achieving the desired objectives such as power quality, power sharing, voltage regulation and efficiency. It is necessary to understand the classification and operation of control strategies in DC microgrids. From the control point of view, the traditional droop control methods are commonly employed for regulating proportional load sharing. However, depending on the primary control makes it challenging to maintain stable and coordinated operation in terms of maintaining both the voltage regulation and load sharing accuracy simultaneously in DC microgrids. So to avoid the trade-off in voltage regulation and power sharing accuracy, secondary control layers need to be introduced in the control structure. In this paper a review of primary control and secondary control methods (centralized, decentralized and distributed control) were discussed in detail with the classification along with the advantages and shortcomings of the control methods.