Providing Control Method Using UPQC and Wind Turbine to Reduce Voltage Drop and Harmonics During Distribution Network Faults

Document Type : Research paper


1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran


Existing generators used in renewable wind Turbines (WT) that are connected to the power system at the distribution level need a sound power grid for proper operation. The purpose of this article is to simultaneously use Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC), wind turbine and appropriate control system to achieve the lowest harmonic distortion and voltage drop during network faults. Also, in this article, in order to check the efficiency of different fact tools when there is a fault in the network, a comparison between UPQC performance with static VAR compensator (SVC) and distribution synchronous static compensator (D-STATCOM) was made and the obtained results were presented. The performed simulations are based on compensation of voltage decrease and increase as well as compensation of harmonic distortion caused by nonlinear loads. The results obtained in this article show that Using UPQC in the network was able to compensate for 100% of voltage drop and voltage increase in the network, while svc and D-Statcom equipment in the best case compensated for 98\% of voltage increase and 90\% of voltage decrease. UPQC also can be the best tool to eliminate network flow harmonics.  In the previous papers, the best value for harmonic current distortion was 1.67%, but our results showed that the harmonic distortion of the network current when using UPQC is 1.47%. Also the harmonic distortion of network current with SVC and D-Statcom is 5.67 and 4.87 percent, respectively. The capability of the equipment in compensating for short circuit fault current and protection of wind power plant is also evaluated. There was no change in wind turbine voltage during the use of UPQC and faults, and 1 P.U remained constant, but when using svc and D-Statcom equipment, the wind turbine voltage during the fault decreased by 0.3 and 0.5 P.U respectively.


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Volume 12, Issue 1
January 2024
Pages 14-25
  • Receive Date: 26 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 18 August 2022
  • Accept Date: 12 August 2022
  • First Publish Date: 05 October 2022