Document Type : Research paper


Department of Electrical Engineering, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran.


Installing the renewable energy sources (RESs) in distribution networks changes the fault current direction, increases the fault current level and, consequently, eliminates the protection coordination between the protective devices. Overcurrent relays are among the most important protective devices in distribution networks. Proper performance of the protective system requires protection coordination between the overcurrent relays. The present paper proposes a new protection coordination scheme using digital directional overcurrent relays (DOCRs) and dual-setting digital overcurrent relays (DS-DOCRs) in the distribution network in the presence of the RESs and energy storage systems (ESSs). For this purpose, a multi-stage objective function was used. In the first stage, a weighted objective function was employed to optimize the size and location of the RESs as well as the location and impedance of the FCLs in order to reduce the loss, improve the voltage profile and decrease the variation of the feeders' currents at the connection time of the RESs. In the second stage, DOCR and DS-DOCR settings optimization, which included parameters A and B in addition to parameters I${}_{p}$ and TDS, was used to restore the lost protection coordination for the fault current in the shortest possible time. The simulation results on the IEEE 33-bus network in the presence of RESs using genetic algorithm and PSO algorithm method as well as DPL programming language in DIgSILENT software showed that the total operating time of digital relays and network loss were reduced and voltage profile was significantly improved.


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