Document Type : Research paper


Department of Electrical Engineering, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology, Murthal, Sonipat, Haryana, India.


The integration of distributed generations (DGs) can disrupt the distribution system's radial configuration, leading to potential coordination issues with the existing protection scheme. Disparate operating modes of microgrids render traditional protection schemes ineffective and insecure. This highlights the need for alternative approaches to ensure the reliability and security of microgrids. To mitigate the relay coordination problem in microgrids, this paper puts forth a solution in the form of an adaptive protection scheme. The proposed method is based on fault current and integrates the use of adaptive numerical directional overcurrent relays (ANDOCRs). The proposed adaptive protection strategy encompasses a microgrid central protection controller (MCPC) equipped with communication capabilities. This feature enables MCPC to communicate with intelligent field electronics devices (IFEDs). The MCPC receives data from the IFEDs and updates the ANDOCRs' settings according to the operation mode. This paper suggests a modified objective function specifically tailored to tackle the nonlinear optimization problem for relay coordination in microgrids to strengthen the coordination between primary and backup relays. The proposed adaptive protection scheme also incorporates a quick online fault detection algorithm to identify the faulty feeder precisely. The proposed method is assessed for its performance using a highly unbalanced IEEE-13 node distribution system in MATLAB/Simulink.


Main Subjects

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