Document Type : Research paper


1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran


Hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) have been introduced to overcome intermittent nature of single-source renewable energy generation. In order to utilize HRES optimally, two issues must be considered: optimal sizing and optimal operation. The first issue has been considered vastly in several articles but the second one needs more attention and work. The performance of hybrid renewable energy systems highly depends on how efficient the control of energy production is. In this paper, paradigms and common methods available for control and management of energy in HRES are reviewed and compared with each other. At the end, a number of challenges and future research in relation to HRES are addressed.


Main Subjects

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