Efficient Low-Voltage Ride-Through Nonlinear Backstepping Control Strategy for PMSG-Based Wind Turbine During the Grid Faults

Document Type : Research paper


1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Abhar Branch Islamic Azad University, Abhar, Iran

2 amir kabir university

3 Department of Electrical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-4413, Iran


This paper presents a new nonlinear backstepping controller for a direct-driven permanent magnet synchronous generator-based wind turbine, which is connected to the power system via back-to-back converters. The proposed controller deals with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) in normal condition and enhances the low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) capability in fault conditions. In this method, to improve LVRT capability, machine-side converter controls dc-link voltage and MPPT is performed by grid side converter. Hence, PMSG output power is reduced very fast and dc-link voltage variation is reduced.  Due to nonlinear relationship between dc-link voltage and controller input, nonlinear backstepping controller has good performances. By applying the proposed controller, dc-link overvoltage is significantly decreased. The proposed controller has good performance in comparison with Proportional-Integral (PI) controller and Sliding Mode Controller (SMC). In asymmetrical faults, to decrease grid side active power oscillations, the nonlinear backstepping dual-current controller is designed for positive- and negative- sequence components. The simulation results confirm that the proposed controller is efficient in different conditions.


Main Subjects

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