Document Type : Research paper


Technical Engineering Department, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran


In this paper, an optimal design of the renewable combustion plant has been investigated with the aim of ensuring the required load on the Gorgor station. The purpose of this study is to minimize the cost of the proposed hybrid unit during the period of operation of the designed system simultaneously. Information on the intensity of solar radiation and the intensity of wind blowing in the area are taken and applied in the simulation of the system. The intended target function includes the cost of investment, replacement cost and maintenance cost. After the design phase, the main objective is to check the economic benefits of the project's utilization from the grid and compare it with the renewable electricity system, as well as to calculate the initial investment return in renewable electricity. First, the initial cost of consuming electricity from this project is calculated using a renewable electricity system, and then the cost of project is determined using the national grid. Further, by calculating the annual current cost of each of these combinations, the investment return in each mode is obtained. Various options for the use of renewable energies are surveyed separately and in combination. The technical-economic analysis is done on each of these options and ultimately the best one is presented.


Main Subjects

[1]   R. Afshan and J. Salehi, “Optimal scheduling of battery energy storage system in distribution network considering uncertainties using hybrid monte carlo-genetic approach,” J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng., vol. 6, pp. 1-12, 2018.
[2]   M. Majidi and S. Nojavan, “Optimal sizing of energy storage system in a renewable-based microgrid under flexible demand side management considering reliability and uncertainties,” J. Oper. Autom. Power Eng., vol. 5, pp. 205-214, 2017.
[3]   M. Khalid, M. AlMuhaini, R. P. Aguilera, and A. V. Savkin, “Method for planning a wind–solar–battery hybrid power plant with optimal generation-demand matching,” IET Renew. Power Gener., vol. 12, pp. 1800-1806, 2018.
[4]   R. Atia and N. Yamada, “Sizing and analysis of renewable energy and battery systems in residential microgrids,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 7, pp. 1204-1213, 2016.
[5]   J. P. Castillo, C. D. Mafiolis, E. C. Escobar, A. G. Barrientos, and R. V. Segura, “Design, construction and implementation of a low cost solar-wind hybrid energy system,” IEEE Latin America Trans., vol. 13, pp. 3304-3309, 2015.
[6]   M. B. Shadmand and R. S. Balog, “Multi-objective optimization and design of photovoltaic-wind hybrid system for community smart DC microgrid,” IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, vol. 5, pp. 2635-2643, 2014.
[7]   A. Hassan, M. Saadawi, M. Kandil, and M. Saeed, "Modified particle swarm optimisation technique for optimal design of small renewable energy system supplying a specific load at Mansoura University," IET Renew. Power Gener., vol. 9, pp. 474-483, 2015.
[8]   L. Wang and C. Singh, “Multicriteria design of hybrid power generation systems based on a modified particle swarm optimization algorithm,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 24, pp. 163-172, 2009.
[9]   H. Bakhtiari and R. A. Naghizadeh, “Multi-criteria optimal sizing of hybrid renewable energy systems including wind, photovoltaic, battery, and hydrogen storage with ɛ-constraint method,” IET Renew. Power Gener., vol. 12, pp. 883-892, 2018.
[10] P. P. Vergara, J. M. Rey, L. C. P. Da Silva, and G. Ordóñez, “Comparative analysis of design criteria for hybrid photovoltaic/wind/battery systems,” IET Renew. Power Gener., vol. 11, pp. 253-261, 2016.
[11] J. A. Merrigan, “Sunlight to electricity: prospects for solar energy conversion by photovoltaics,” Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1975. 172 p., 1975.
[12] G. Boyle, “Renewable energy,” Renewable Energy, by Edited by Godfrey Boyle, pp. 456. Oxford University Press, May 2004. ISBN-10: 0199261784. ISBN-13: 9780199261789, p. 456, 2004.
[13] Z. Miao, L. Fan, D. Osborn, and S. Yuvarajan, “Control of DFIG-based wind generation to improve interarea oscillation damping,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., vol. 24, pp. 415-422, 2009.
[14] A. Mostafaeipour, “Feasibility study of harnessing wind energy for turbine installation in province of Yazd in Iran,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 14, pp. 93-111, 2010.
[15] R. Belfkira, L. Zhang, and G. Barakat, “Optimal sizing study of hybrid wind/PV/diesel power generation unit,” Solar Energy, vol. 85, pp. 100-110, 2011.
[16] A. Kornelakis and E. Koutroulis, “Methodology for the design optimisation and the economic analysis of grid-connected photovoltaic systems,” IET Renew. Power Gener., vol. 3, pp. 476-492, 2009.