A Decentralized Energy Management Method for Load Curve Smoothing ‎Considering Demand and Profit of Electric Vehicle Owners with Different ‎Capacity of Batteries

Document Type : Research paper


1 Department of Electrical Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran‎

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran. Iran


Increasing requirements of electric vehicles with different capacities of batteries and increasing number of small-sized renewable energy sources lead to complexity of calculations, voltage drop, power quality loss, and unevenness in the load curve. This paper proposes a modified version of the mean-field decentralized method to smooth the load curve, maximize vehicle owners' profit, and meet vehicle owners’ demands. Different capacity of batteries is a challenging problem in the charging and discharging control of electric vehicles; so to solve this problem, a weighted average method is used, which determines the design weighting parameters based on the capacity of batteries. Finally, a comparison has been made between five different centralized and decentralized strategies with weighted and weightless average methods.


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Volume 11, Issue 3
October 2023
Pages 223-229
  • Receive Date: 02 April 2022
  • Revise Date: 04 May 2022
  • Accept Date: 18 June 2022
  • First Publish Date: 26 August 2022